I was asked if I would write an article on whether Jesus and God are one. The resulting article should probably be made into two, for it not only addresses the Divine Trinity, it addresses our trinity to help explain the Divine one. So I apologize in advance for the length of this article, but I feel compelled to write all that is written below.
God makes it very clear throughout Scripture that there is only one God and He is it. He will not give His glory to another. Yet the Scriptures are conflicted on this issue. First we must establish that God is one God and will have no other
god before Him, nor will He allow any but Himself to be worshiped. He says there is no Savior and Redeemer other than Himself.
Deuteronomy 4:35 "Unto thee it was shewed, that thou
mightest know that the LORD he is God; there is none else beside him."
Deuteronomy 6:4 "Hear, O Israel: The LORD our God is one LORD:"
Isaiah 43:10-11 "Ye are my witnesses, saith the LORD, and my servant whom I have chosen:
that ye may know and believe me, and understand that I am he: before me
there was no God formed, neither shall there be after me. I, even I, am the LORD; and beside me there is no saviour."
Isaiah 13:4 "Yet I am the LORD thy God from the land of Egypt, and thou shalt know no god but me: for there is no saviour beside me."
Even Christ said that there is only one God.
Mark 12:29 "And Jesus answered him, The first of all the commandments is, Hear, O Israel; The Lord our God is one Lord:"
And so did Paul.
Galatians 3:20 "Now a mediator is not a mediator of one, but God is one."
God says He will not allow worship of any but Himself.
Exodus 20:3-5 "Thou shalt have no other gods before me. Thou shalt not
make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in
heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water
under the earth: Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them,
nor serve them: for I the LORD thy God am a jealous God, visiting the
iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth
generation of them that hate me;"
Isaiah 48:11 " For mine own sake, even for mine own sake, will I do it: for how should
my name be polluted? and I will not give my glory unto another."
God clearly establishes that He is one Person. Having established that, we will now see what else He has to reveal about Himself.
I think before I can give all the Scriptural evidence for showing God and Christ are both God, it is necessary to understand the concept of the Trinity. Most people have a problem understanding the Trinity, as they do not understand how there can be three persons who are also one person. Because they cannot wrap their head around the concept, they deny it exists. Just because we cannot understand everything about God, it does not mean we should dismiss it. Especially when the Scriptures tell us something is so. It is hard to know how to lay out the defense for all of this in an order that makes sense, so I will just start at the beginning and go from there.
Right at the beginning, God told us that He was more than one being. It says in Genesis 1:1 that "In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth." This is told to us again in Exodus 20:11 "For in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in
them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the LORD blessed the
sabbath day, and hallowed it." Most accept this as being God the Father, and yes it is, but the word for God is Elohim, which is a plural word. Then in the second verse of Genesis 1, we are told that the Spirit of God contributes to the process of creation. "And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the
face of the deep. And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the
waters." This is again spoken of in Job 26:13 "By his spirit he hath garnished the heavens; his hand hath formed the crooked serpent." While some might think that simply means God the Father again, and it does in a way, as God is a triune being, we know from the New Testament that the Spirit is a separate personality. John 15:7 "Nevertheless I tell you the truth; It is expedient for you that I go
away: for if I go not away, the Comforter will not come unto you; but if
I depart, I will send him unto you." So we are told about two of the persons of God in the first two verses of Scripture, and the New Testament bears out the separate person of the Holy Spirit. He is someone that Christ is sending to replace Himself on earth for the sake of His followers. If some believe the Spirit is a force and not a person, the book of
Acts shows over and over that He spoke to and guided people and was grieved by their actions. A force cannot speak,
hear, guide, and show people things, nor does it have feelings. Only a person has those qualities. John 16:13 "Howbeit when he, the Spirit of truth, is come, he will guide you into
all truth: for he shall not speak of himself; but whatsoever he shall
hear, that shall he speak: and he will shew you things to come."
So from the first few verses of Genesis we can see that God is two persons. In the New Testament it is revealed that He is three persons, for we are told that Christ also created the world. Colossians 1:16-17 "For by him were all things created, that are in heaven, and that are in
earth, visible and invisible, whether they be thrones, or dominions, or
principalities, or powers: all things were created by him, and for him: And he is before all things, and by him all things consist." So the Bible teaches that God the Father, the Holy Spirit, and the Son all created the heavens and the earth. Yet it says that God created them. This is the beginning of understanding that God is a plurality. We again see that plurality when God destroyed the Tower of Babel. Genesis 11:6-7 "And the LORD said, Behold, the people is one, and they have all one
language; and this they begin to do: and now nothing will be restrained
from them, which they have imagined to do. Go to, let us go down, and there confound their language, that they may not understand one another's speech."
When God gets to the sixth day of creation, He creates man. Here is where we are given a better idea of how we will learn how the Trinity works, by examining our own trinity. When God created man He said that He created man not in "His" image, but in "our" image. Genesis 1:26 "And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness." So when we look at man, as He is in the image of God, we should see some resemblance of a plurality, since God refers to Himself in the plural. In fact we should see a trinity, and we do. When we look at ourselves, we see a triune being. We have a body. As it is corrupt and sinful, because of the fall, and is not redeemable (hence why we must die) it desires to feed the lusts of carnality and will never desire righteousness. It is not regenerated when the spirit is. The body is mortal and must of necessity die, so that born again believers can be released from any residual effects of sin (the flesh) within their trinity, however there is a resurrected body of perfection which will replace the corrupt one we now have, (if you belong to the Lord.)
Next, we have a spirit (which is only "alive" and connected to God when we accept Jesus as our Savior. Otherwise it is "dead" or disconnected from God. Either way, it is eternal.). Our spirit seeks to be with and please God (again speaking of those who belong to the Lord). It is that part of us that communes with God and allows the Holy Spirit to channel the love of God into our lives to influence us to love and serve God. Upon being born again, the spirit is redeemed and made sinless, as Christ has redeemed it. There are many Scriptures that speak to this, so that we can understand that we have been forgiven of our sins and that we now are seen through the blood of Christ as sinless.
The third part of our trinity is the intellect by which we are self-aware and can think apart from the spirit. Some might call it the soul. The soul is the breath of life and animals
have souls, but they are not eternal spiritual beings, however, they can think and choose by instinct and intellect. Our intellect however is eternal no matter what state our spirit is in, for we are self-aware and process information. If that were not so, we would not be able to make choices (while alive) while the spirit is dead, but we can. And the Scriptures teach that people are very aware of the fact that they are in hell, so it continues after death as well. The intellect also includes our will, by which our trinity is directed as to what decisions and choices will be enacted. The intellect is capable of making choices apart from the body's or spirit's desires. It processes the information and opposing desires from both the spirit and body, along with its own intellectually driven will and makes the choice that our being will carry out. The problem with our intellect or will though, is that it is limited. We cannot see the future and consequences at all times of the choices we make, and sometimes our flesh can deceive us as to what the consequences might be, making us think they will be much better than they are. Sometimes the choices made frustrate the body, as it is forced to be subjugated to the spirit's desires and sometimes the spirit is grieved when the flesh wins out. It is actually the director of the trinity, who decides between the desires of the two opposing sources of body and spirit and directs the body to carry out its will, just as God has the final say with the Son and the Holy Spirit. God's will be done is the last word. As one grows in Christ and continually chooses to pursue the desires of the spirit, the flesh becomes more and more subjugated. On the other hand, if the will decides in favor of the flesh, over time sin will take over the individual, silencing the spirit and quenching the Holy Spirit.
While we see the three parts of our being as being one entity, the individual person, they actually function as three individuals. Most people never think about this as being how we operate. The spirit is born separated from God and only when the will or intellect part of us responds to the call of God to reconnect via Christ, does the spirit get reconnected to God through God giving us the faith. Thus the spirit and intellect are not the same. Before a person is saved, the spirit is silent, for it is dead or disconnected from God. Once the spirit is alive again, it seeks only to please God, therefore we find that it does continual battle with the body, which also has a will of its own, to seek self-gratification and sin, for the body is not redeemed by being born again. It has been condemned to death as a result of Adam's sin, so that we might one day be freed from any remnants of the fall and have a new body which is perfect as our redeemed spirit is perfect.
Romans 7:14-25 " For we know that the law is spiritual: but I am carnal, sold under sin. For that which I do I allow not: for what I would, that do I not; but what I hate, that do I. If then I do that which I would not, I consent unto the law that it is good. Now then it is no more I that do it, but sin that dwelleth in me.
For I know that in me (that is, in my flesh,) dwelleth no good thing:
for to will is present with me; but how to perform that which is good I
find not. For the good that I would I do not: but the evil which I would not, that I do. Now if I do that I would not, it is no more I that do it, but sin that dwelleth in me. I find then a law, that, when I would do good, evil is present with me. For I delight in the law of God after the inward man:
But I see another law in my members, warring against the law of my
mind, and bringing me into captivity to the law of sin which is in my
members. O wretched man that I am! who shall deliver me from the body of this death?
I thank God through Jesus Christ our Lord. So then with the mind I
myself serve the law of God; but with the flesh the law of sin." We have to serve the law of God with our mind as well as our spirit, or choose with our intellect/mind to follow the leading of the spirit part of us.
If we are born again, our spirit wants to serve God. If we are born again, our will or intellect has also chosen the path of God and wants to serve God, but it can sometimes be deceived and convinced that sin is okay, and it allows the body to have its way. The odds of a Christian's mind giving into the "big" sins, such as murder, adultery, etc. are very slim, however we are easily convinced by the flesh that "little" sins are not really sins. I hear people calling them faults, mistakes, immaturity, being impatient, lacking in the fullness of fruit, or whatever term they like to use to justify what God actually sees as sin. We must remember that Christ said that if we hate (even if it only lasts 30 seconds) it is the same as murder. Lust (if you get momentarily turned on by someone) for only 10 seconds is still adultery. Gossip can actually "murder" someone's reputation. There are a myriad of "little" sins. So while some like to pretend that these are not sins, that they are just not bringing in the fullness of the fruits of the spirit, they do what John says in 1 John 1:8 & 10 "If we say that we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the truth is not in us.... If we say that we have not sinned, we make him a liar, and his word is not in us." John was speaking to believers, not unbelievers about receiving salvation. We know this from the next verse in Chapter 2:1 "My little children, these things write I unto you, that ye sin not. And
if any man sin, we have an advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the
righteous." He warned us that we were capable of still sinning and gave us the remedy for this in 1:9 "If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just to forgive us our sins, and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness." For us to sin, both the body and the intellect are responsible for choosing sin, as the spirit is now without sin due to being redeemed. Therefore these sins are still held to our account, because they are committed by our trinity, regardless of the opposition of the spirit who refuses to sin with them, as it is redeemed. It still resides in a sinful shell. So therefore we must confess these sins. They are not faults, they are not mistakes, they are not immaturity, they are not "not quite the full fruit," they are sins. And sin disrupts our relationship with God and allows Satan to then continue to deceive us away from the truth. And the more we deny that these "little" things are sins, the easier it is for them to become bigger ones. In fact to believe that one is incapable of sin is the sin of the Pharisees, self-righteous pride, and pride is one of the big sins.
Our bodies, unlike our regenerated spirit, will never be anything but sinful, and so it craves to serve sin, for the flesh is carnal and corrupt. So we can see that there are three distinct personalities within ourselves that have wills of their own that war with each other. (They war because they are not all on the same page. God's Trinity is.) Yet we are one person, and function as such. While the spirit, body, and intellect are all contained in one person (us), they also have their own desires and will, but the spirit and body
are subject to the will of the intellect. We can bring the body under
subjection to the spirit's choices by our will. Or our will can ignore the
desires of the spirit and allow the body to fulfill its lusts. The
choice is made by the intellect/will. It has the final say. It is because our intellect/will is separate from our spirit that unregenerate people can still do good things and live moral lives. They just are not connected to God, so that these things will not be coming from Him.
Some theologies teach that without regeneration, we can do nothing good. This is not really Scriptural or accurate. They are not good in the sense that they do works given by God to further His kingdom, but they still are good works by which the people will be judged for punishment on Judgment Day. They will be judged according to their works. We all know unbelievers who do good deeds. There are also theologies that teach that our entire being is redeemed and made sinless. That is not scriptural either and leads to deception, making people believe that no confession or repentance is needed ever again for any action they commit, even if it is sin, for they do not see their sin as sin. It says in Hebrews 12:6-11 "For whom the Lord loveth he chasteneth, and scourgeth every son whom he receiveth. If ye endure chastening, God dealeth with you as with sons; for what son is he whom the father chasteneth not? But if ye be without chastisement, whereof all are partakers, then are ye bastards, and not sons. Furthermore we have had fathers of our flesh which corrected us, and we
gave them reverence: shall we not much rather be in subjection unto the
Father of spirits, and live? For they verily for a few
days chastened us after their own pleasure; but he for our profit, that
we might be partakers of his holiness. Now no chastening
for the present seemeth to be joyous, but grievous: nevertheless
afterward it yieldeth the peaceable fruit of righteousness unto them
which are exercised thereby" A person who is without sin (and only Christ was without sin) would not need chastening, yet it says if we are not chastened at all, then we are bastards and not sons. Chastening is what leads us into holiness. It is what prunes out the sin so that we can produce good fruit. Chastening is not the same as tribulation. Chastening is punishment. You don't punish a perfect sinless person. Tribulation is hard times given to us to build character, not punish us. So this is saying that the expectation is that we will not be able to live perfect lives or be perfect, for we are still in sinful bodies. God deals with us accordingly by chastening us to bring us into holiness, just as our natural fathers do. In John 15:2 it tells us, "Every branch in me that beareth not fruit he taketh away: and every
branch that beareth fruit, he purgeth it, that it may bring forth more
fruit." The purpose of purging or pruning a tree is to cut off that which is keeping the tree from producing good fruit. Good trees can produce bad stuff, which is why you prune it. Ask any farmer. Any tree that is not pruned will resort to wildness and not have good fruit or possibly any fruit. And Christians can sin, which is why they are purged or chastened. Christians are punished here for their sins, not eternally. It is a temporal punishment only, whatever the consequences of our sins bring forth in this world, for our sins have all been forgiven as far as our spirit is concerned. The punishment is to get us to bring our bodies under subjection. However for unbelievers all sins, big and little, are eternally punished. It is not just here that they suffer the consequences, it is eternally that they do. Therein lies the difference.
[As a note, a believer can end up falling away and lose their salvation. As the parable of the seeds teaches, the cares of the world or persecution may make a person repudiate Christ. Once that is done, there is no more salvation available for them. See Hebrews 6 & 10. Also my article on Calvinism vs. Arminianism
or eternal security
Now having discussed our own trinity, in hopefully a way which makes it clear that we are three in one, we can look at how God is three in One. While we incorporate all three of these things into one body, God is far beyond being constrained in this limited way. He is all three of these things too, but each of these parts of Him is a separate manifestation rather than being contained in one body. Christ is the equivalent of our body. He manifested on earth in an earthly body apart from God the Father and the Holy Spirit, but even before that He was a separate person known as the Angel of the Lord, and manifested on earth in that pre-incarnate state. We know this was not the Father, for nobody in human form can see the Father and live. Exodus 33:20 "And he said, Thou canst not see my face: for there shall no man see me, and live." (This refers to God the Father) But yet He is referred to as the Lord. There are several times when He appeared to people. The first was Abraham before the destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah. Genesis 18:1, 13-14, 17, "And the LORD appeared unto him in the plains of Mamre: and he sat in the tent door in the heat of the day;......And the LORD said unto Abraham, Wherefore did Sarah laugh, saying, Shall I of a surety bear a child, which am old?
Is any thing too hard for the LORD? At the time appointed I will return
unto thee, according to the time of life, and Sarah shall have a son.......And the LORD said, Shall I hide from Abraham that thing which I do;" Later He appeared to Hagar, Genesis 16:7-13 " And the angel of the LORD found her by a fountain of water in the wilderness, by the fountain in the way to Shur.
And he said, Hagar, Sarai's maid, whence camest thou? and whither wilt
thou go? And she said, I flee from the face of my mistress Sarai. And the angel of the LORD said unto her, Return to thy mistress, and submit thyself under her hands. And the angel of the LORD said unto her, I will multiply thy seed exceedingly, that it shall not be numbered for multitude.
And the angel of the LORD said unto her, Behold, thou art with child,
and shalt bear a son, and shalt call his name Ishmael; because the LORD
hath heard thy affliction. And he will be a wild man; his
hand will be against every man, and every man's hand against him; and
he shall dwell in the presence of all his brethren. And
she called the name of the LORD that spake unto her, Thou God seest me:
for she said, Have I also here looked after him that seeth me?"
The Angel of the Lord spoke and appeared to people numerous times. Genesis 22 - to Abraham when He was about to sacrifice Isaac. To Moses in the burning bush, Exodus 3. To Balaam and his ass in Numbers 22. In Judges 2, He manifests to chastise the Israelites for not obeying Him. In Judges 13, He appears to Manoah and his wife to tell them that she would bear a son, called Samson. They at first do not realize that it is the Angel of the Lord until He departs in a supernatural way. Then they understand whom they have seen. 13:22 "And Manoah said unto his wife, We shall surely die, because we have seen God." In several of these passages the people realize that they have seen God manifested. There are dozens of other appearances in the Old Testament, but I will not list them all. However, I do want to mention another appearance. When the three Hebrew boys found themselves thrown in the fiery furnace, a fourth person appeared. It was the Angel of the Lord, but He is given another name as well. Daniel 3:25 "He answered and said, Lo, I see four men loose, walking in the
midst of the fire, and they have no hurt; and the form of the fourth is
like the Son of God." We know Christ is the Son of God, and clearly this is who is in the furnace with the boys. Another reference I want to make is that of a passage in Zechariah. We know from Revelation that Jesus will lead the saints to Armageddon to do battle. Revelation 19:11-14 "And I saw heaven opened, and behold a white horse; and he that sat upon
him was called Faithful and True, and in righteousness he doth judge and
make war. His eyes were as a flame of fire, and on his
head were many crowns; and he had a name written, that no man knew, but
he himself. And he was clothed with a vesture dipped in blood: and his name is called The Word of God. And the armies which were in heaven followed him upon white horses, clothed in fine linen, white and clean." In Zechariah, it tells us that the Lord shall defend the inhabitants of Jerusalem. The House of David (Jesus is the only one left from the House of David to reign as king) is as God and the Angel of the Lord before the armies. Zechariah 12:8 " In that day shall the LORD defend the inhabitants of Jerusalem; and he
that is feeble among them at that day shall be as David; and the house
of David shall be as God, as the angel of the LORD before them." This is the same event as in Revelation, and Christ is referred to as God and the Angel of the Lord. So we see that a bodily manifestation of God (who said He could not appear to men or they would die) did appear to men. And in several cases that Angel of the Lord is said to be God. The Second Coming of Jesus with the saints is described as the coming of the Lord God. Zechariah 14:5 "And ye shall flee to the valley of the mountains; for the valley of the
mountains shall reach unto Azal: yea, ye shall flee, like as ye fled
from before the earthquake in the days of Uzziah king of Judah: and the
LORD my God shall come, and all the saints with thee." So we can see that Christ is a separate manifestation apart from God the Father. He is known as the Angel of the Lord and the Son of God in the Old Testament. Jude also talks about this when quoting Enoch. Verse 14 "And Enoch also, the seventh from Adam, prophesied of these, saying, Behold, the Lord cometh with ten thousands of his saints." Enoch said "the Lord", and since the Lord God was the only one Enoch knew, that is of whom he is speaking, even though we know he is speaking of Christ. Christ has had three bodies. His first body was the one in which He manifested as the Angel of the Lord. The second body was the human body He took to become our kinsman redeemer. The third body is the one in which He will reside for the rest of eternity. It is the resurrected body, the same kind that we too will have upon our resurrection.
[Now one may say that my saying that our body has a will of its own is not reality as it never manifested in the Godhead that there was ever any variation in the wills of the Trinity, but that is not quite true. Christ prayed that the cup might pass from Him and that He might not suffer. His flesh did not desire to have to suffer for us, any more than anyone would want to suffer what He suffered. The human flesh was not in tune with the agenda (for obvious reasons), but He made the choice (as He was without sin) in His spirit and intellect/will to choose God's will over His own. He subjugated the flesh. He lived in a human body which had corruption and would die, but exercised complete 100% control over it, subjecting it to the will of God at all times His entire life. Had He not really inhabited a completely human body (that was subject to the temptation of sin) He would not really have been a kinsman redeemer, nor would He have been able to be tempted. He was both, human and tempted, but He never succumbed. He was 100% God (His sinless spirit) and 100% human (corrupted human flesh). We too as born again believers are 100% sinless (in spirit) but 100% still corrupt sinful human (in the flesh). Therefore we still refer to ourselves as sinners, albeit saved (in the spirit) by grace. We are not like Christ, who being God in the flesh was not going to ever choose sin. We have been given the ability to turn to God to help us, through the Holy Spirit, to not be tempted to sin, but we don't always do that. We can lose our temper, we can say things we shouldn't, we can commit "little" sins and brush them aside. We are not sinless or perfect until we leave this body behind. We do have the option to not sin, as God has provided a way out of temptations, but I have yet to meet a person who has managed to do that 100% and never sins (except in their own mind).]
The Holy Spirit is the Godhead's equivalent of our spirit. It is that person of God who connects us to God by indwelling us and influencing us via our spirit. The Holy Spirit guides and directs our spirit, and our spirit seeks to live a righteous life, however, our flesh does not want to listen to it. The Holy Spirit does not seem to have a body described in Scripture. He is described more by His attributes. Isaiah 11:2 "And the spirit of the LORD shall rest upon him, the spirit of wisdom and
understanding, the spirit of counsel and might, the spirit of knowledge
and of the fear of the LORD;" To make matters more confusing, the Spirit seems to be what is called a seven-fold spirit by some, due to His seven attributes. His only appearance is described in Revelation 1:4 "John to the seven churches which are in Asia: Grace be unto you, and
peace, from him which is, and which was, and which is to come; and from
the seven Spirits which are before his throne;" This is all we are told, so I have no other explanation for the Spirit's manifestation.
God the Father is the equivalent, so to speak, of our intellect and will. This does not mean that the other parts of God (Christ and the Spirit) do not have intelligence and will, (just as God is not without a spiritual body) for they would not have desires if they did not. (Christ's prayer in the garden exemplifies His ability to have a different will from the Father, He just doesn't exercise it). They all have wills and can choose, just as all three of our trinity have wills and choose, but our trinity is not in harmony. They fight it out. God's Trinity is in harmony. It is just that there is an order and hierarchy, for God is order. Just as our intellect and will directs what choices we make between the pull of the spirit and body, the Father makes the decisions for the body (Christ) and spirit (Holy Spirit) part of His being. That is why Christ submitted Himself to the will of the Father while still being equal with Him. Philippians 2:5-6 "Let this mind be in you, which was also in Christ Jesus: Who, being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God:" Our actions will be the result of our intellect choosing whether to side with the spirit (which is sinless) or the body (which is sinful). In the Godhead's case, all three always seek to put the Father's will first, and therefore there is no problem as all are sinless. We do not have the same situation. Our will can choose to side with the flesh at times, and it does on occasion. It is more prone to doing that when it convinces itself that the "little" sins are not really sins, for our intellect, by virtue of being intelligent as well as being influenced by the spirit, recognizes that the big sins are bad. Even unregenerate intelligence recognizes this truth, so we are not tempted to give in to those. The "little" sins however are easily overlooked by us, but not by God.
Getting back to the original purpose, now that the Trinity has been somewhat explained (as much as one can explain it), we need to see more of the Scriptural proof that Jesus is indeed God. God is called certain things in Scripture. He demands that nobody but He be worshiped. If we can see that Christ is called these same things, and God demands that people worship Him, then we can see that Christ is indeed God.
God the Father is the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.
1 Kings 18:36 "And it came to pass at the time of the offering of the evening
sacrifice, that Elijah the prophet came near, and said, LORD God of
Abraham, Isaac, and of Israel, let it be known this day that thou art
God in Israel, and that I am thy servant, and that I have done all these
things at thy word." Acts 3:13 "The God of Abraham, and of Isaac, and of Jacob, the God of our fathers,
hath glorified his Son Jesus; whom ye delivered up, and denied him in
the presence of Pilate, when he was determined to let him go."
Christ as the Angel of the Lord is the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob
Exodus 3:2-6 "And the angel of the LORD appeared unto him in a flame of fire out of
the midst of a bush: and he looked, and, behold, the bush burned with
fire, and the bush was not consumed. And Moses said, I will now turn aside, and see this great sight, why the bush is not burnt.
And when the LORD saw that he turned aside to see, God called unto him
out of the midst of the bush, and said, Moses, Moses. And he said, Here
am I. And he said, Draw not nigh hither: put off thy shoes from off thy feet, for the place whereon thou standest is holy ground. Moreover he said, I am the God of thy father, the God of Abraham, the
God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob. And Moses hid his face; for he was
afraid to look upon God."
Then God the Father and Christ the Son both have the same name. When Moses asks who He should say is sending Him He gets this answer. Exodus 3:14 "And God said unto Moses, I AM THAT I AM: and he said, Thus shalt thou
say unto the children of Israel, I AM hath sent me unto you." Jesus told the Pharisees that He was "I AM" the now unspoken name of God. John 8:58 "Jesus said unto them, Verily,verily, I say unto you, Before Abraham was, I am." The reason they sought to stone Him was that they considered Him guilty of blasphemy in that He called Himself by the name of God, so saying that He was I AM. And remember, the one who told Moses that His name was I AM was God, the Angel of the Lord. The name I AM has been transliterated more or less as Yahweh, and in English Jehovah. So both God the Father and Christ the Son lay claim to the name Yahweh/Jehovah.
There are other passages which refer to Christ as God. Acts 20:28 "Take heed therefore unto yourselves, and to all the flock, over the
which the Holy Ghost hath made you overseers, to feed the church of God,
which he hath purchased with his own blood." This verse says that the church of God was purchased with His own blood. That God died and shed His blood for His church. It does not say Christ, it says God.
1 Timothy 3:16 "And without controversy great is the mystery of godliness: God was
manifest in the flesh, justified in the Spirit, seen of angels, preached
unto the Gentiles, believed on in the world, received up into glory." In this verse we are told that God was manifest in the flesh. It does not say the Son of God as a different person, but God Himself was manifest in the flesh.
Titus 2:13 "Looking for that blessed hope, and the glorious appearing of the great God and our Saviour Jesus Christ;" Christ is called the great God.
Matthew 1:23 "Behold, a virgin shall be with child, and shall bring forth a son, and
they shall call his name Emmanuel, which being interpreted is, God with
us." Christ was named "God with us." He was God incarnate.
John 10:30 "I and my Father are one." Christ Himself said that He and the Father were one person.
John 14:9 "Jesus saith unto him, Have I been so long time with you, and yet hast
thou not known me, Philip? he that hath seen me hath seen the Father;
and how sayest thou then, Shew us the Father?" Christ tells Philip that when he sees Him, he has seen the Father, making Himself the same person. This is why when people looked upon the Angel of the Lord, they were seeing God.
John 1:1 "In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God." The Word is Jesus. And the Word is God.
Finally there is a verse that explicitly says that God is a triune Being where all three persons are one. 1 John 5:7 "For there are three that bear record in heaven, the Father, the Word, and the Holy Ghost: and these three are one." This verse speaks for itself. Now the reason that some people do not believe these above verses, is due to the modern translations who change these verses or in the case of the last verse mentioned, delete it entirely from the Bible. This is why the KJV Bible is the one to use. For more on this subject see my articles on the KJV Bible.
Continuing on with showing that Christ and the Father are one Person, one of the most familiar verses that we hear every Christmas season is found in Isaiah 9:6. "For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the
government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called
Wonderful, Counseller, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The
Prince of Peace." We are told in this passage, which we know refers to Christ, that one of His names is the mighty God. God the Father is the mighty or Almighty God, Exodus 6:3 "And I appeared unto Abraham, unto Isaac, and unto Jacob, by the name of
God Almighty, but by my name JEHOVAH was I not known to them," yet here Christ is referred to as the mighty God. And further, it calls Christ the everlasting Father. But wait, there is only one Father. Christ is known as the Son. The only way Christ can be the Father and the Son is if the Father and Son are one being, that Being being the mighty God.
God is the Savior. Isaiah 43:3 "For I am the LORD thy God, the Holy One of Israel, thy Saviour: I gave Egypt for thy ransom, Ethiopia and Seba for thee." Isaiah 45:21 "Tell ye, and bring them near; yea, let them take counsel together: who
hath declared this from ancient time? who hath told it from that time?
have not I the LORD? and there is no God else beside me; a just God and a
Saviour; there is none beside me." Luke 1:47 "And my spirit hath rejoiced in God my Saviour."
Christ is the Savior. Luke 2:11 "For unto you is born this day in the city of David a Saviour, which is Christ the Lord." John 4:42 " And said unto the woman, Now we believe, not because of thy saying: for
we have heard him ourselves, and know that this is indeed the Christ,
the Saviour of the world."
God is the Redeemer. Isaiah 49:26 "And I will feed them that oppress thee with their own flesh; and they
shall be drunken with their own blood, as with sweet wine: and all flesh
shall know that I the LORD am thy Saviour and thy Redeemer, the mighty
One of Jacob." Isaiah 60:16 " Thou shalt also suck the milk of the Gentiles, and shalt suck the
breast of kings: and thou shalt know that I the LORD am thy Saviour and
thy Redeemer, the mighty One of Jacob." Isaiah 54:5 "For thy Maker is thine husband; the LORD of hosts is his name; and thy
Redeemer the Holy One of Israel; The God of the whole earth shall he be
Christ is the Redeemer. Galatians 3:13 "Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse
for us: for it is written, Cursed is every one that hangeth on a tree:" Titus 2:13-14 "Looking for that blessed hope, and the glorious appearing of the great God and our Saviour Jesus Christ;
Who gave himself for us, that he might redeem us from all iniquity, and
purify unto himself a peculiar people, zealous of good works."
There is a verse in the Old Testament that points to Christ being the Redeemer as a separate person and calls Him the Lord of Hosts, but still it presents God as one God. In this verse, God and Christ say that they are the first and the last and there is no God besides them. Isaiah 44:6 " Thus saith the LORD the King of Israel, and his redeemer the LORD of
hosts; I am the first, and I am the last; and beside me there is no God."
God is the First and the Last, the Alpha and Omega, and the Beginning and the End.
Isaiah 41:4 "Who hath wrought and done it, calling the generations from the beginning? I the LORD, the first, and with the last; I am he." Isaiah 48:12 "Hearken
unto me, O Jacob and Israel, my called; I am he; I am the first, I also
am the last." Revelation 1:8 "I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and
the ending, saith the Lord,
which is, and which was, and which is to come, the Almighty." Revelation 21:6 "And he said unto me, It is done. I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and
the end. I will give unto him that is athirst of the fountain of the
water of life freely."
Christ is called the First and the Last, the Alpha and Omega, and the Beginning and the End.
Revelation 1:11 "Saying, I am Alpha and Omega, the first and the last:" Revelation 1:17 "And when I saw him, I fell at his feet as dead. And he laid his right
hand upon me, saying unto me, Fear not; I am the first and the last:" Revelation 22:13 "I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end, the first and the last."
God is the Lord of Hosts. Zechariah 6:12 "And speak unto him, saying, Thus speaketh the LORD of hosts, saying,
Behold the man whose name is The BRANCH; and he shall grow up out of his
place, and he shall build the temple of the LORD:" Isaiah 54:5 "For thy Maker is thine husband; the LORD of hosts is his name; and thy
Redeemer the Holy One of Israel; The God of the whole earth shall he be
Christ is the Lord of Hosts. Isaiah 31:4-5 "For thus hath the LORD spoken unto me, Like as the lion and the
young lion roaring on his prey, when a multitude of shepherds is called
forth against him, he will not be afraid of their voice, nor abase
himself for the noise of them: so shall the LORD of hosts come down to
fight for mount Zion, and for the hill thereof. As birds
flying, so will the LORD of hosts defend Jerusalem; defending also he
will deliver it; and passing over he will preserve it." This chapter in Isaiah is prophetically referring to the Day of the Lord /Armageddon when Christ fights against the beast, otherwise known later in this passage as the Assyrian. Likewise the following passage is also about the same event. Zechariah 9:15 " The LORD of hosts shall defend them; and they shall devour, and subdue
with sling stones; and they shall drink, and make a noise as through
wine; and they shall be filled like bowls, and as the corners of the
altar." Isaiah 44:6 " Thus saith the LORD the King of Israel, and his redeemer the LORD of
hosts; I am the first, and I am the last; and beside me there is no God." Christ is the Lord's Redeemer and Lord of hosts.
God is the King. Isaiah 44:6 " Thus saith the LORD the King of Israel, and his redeemer the LORD of
hosts; I am the first, and I am the last; and beside me there is no God." Zechariah 14:16-17 "And it shall come to pass, that every one that is left of all the
nations which came against Jerusalem shall even go up from year to year
to worship the King, the LORD of hosts, and to keep the feast of
tabernacles. And it shall be, that whoso will not come up
of all the families of the earth unto Jerusalem to worship the King,
the LORD of hosts, even upon them shall be no rain." Malachi 1:14 "But cursed be the deceiver, which hath in his flock a male, and voweth,
and sacrificeth unto the LORD a corrupt thing: for I am a great King,
saith the LORD of hosts, and my name is dreadful among the heathen."
Christ is the King. Zechariah 9:9 "Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion; shout, O daughter of Jerusalem:
behold, thy King cometh unto thee: he is just, and having salvation;
lowly, and riding upon an ass, and upon a colt the foal of an ass." Matthew 21:5 "Tell ye the daughter of Sion, Behold, thy King cometh unto thee, meek, and sitting upon an ass, and a colt the foal of an ass." Revelation 17:14 "These shall make war with the Lamb, and the Lamb shall overcome them:
for he is Lord of lords, and King of kings: and they that are with him
are called, and chosen, and faithful." Revelation 19:16 "And he hath on his vesture and on his thigh a name written, KING OF KINGS, AND LORD OF LORDS."
God is the Shepherd. Psalm 23:1 "The LORD is my shepherd; I shall not want." Psalm 80:1 " Give ear, O Shepherd of Israel, thou that leadest Joseph like a flock; thou that dwellest between the cherubims, shine forth."
Christ is the Shepherd. John 10:11 "I am the good shepherd: the good shepherd giveth his life for the sheep." John 10:14 "I am the good shepherd, and know my sheep, and am known of mine." 1 Peter 2:25 "For ye were as sheep going astray; but are now returned unto the Shepherd and Bishop of your souls." 1 Peter 5:4 "And when the chief Shepherd shall appear, ye shall receive a crown of glory that fadeth not away."
God the Father is called our Rock. Psalm 18:2 "The LORD is my rock, and my fortress, and my deliverer; my God, my
strength, in whom I will trust; my buckler, and the horn of my
salvation, and my high tower." Psalm 62:2, 6-7 "He only is my rock and my salvation; he is my defence; I shall not be greatly moved..... He only is my rock and my salvation: he is my defence; I shall not be moved. In God is my salvation and my glory: the rock of my strength, and my refuge, is in God." Psalm 89:26 "He shall cry unto me, Thou art my father, my God, and the rock of my salvation."Psalm 95:1 "O come, let us sing unto the LORD: let us make a joyful noise to the rock of our salvation."
Christ the Son is called the Rock. 1 Cor. 10:4 "And did all drink the same spiritual drink: for they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them: and that Rock was Christ."
Finally, God has declared that He will not have worship of anyone but Himself. Exodus 34:14 "For thou shalt worship no other god: for the LORD, whose name is Jealous, is a jealous God." Even Jesus said we are to only worship God. Matthew 4:10 "Then saith Jesus unto him, Get thee hence, Satan: for it is written,
Thou shalt worship the Lord thy God, and him only shalt thou serve."
In spite of this, Jesus accepted worship. Matthew 9:18 "While he spake these things unto them, behold, there came a certain
ruler, and worshipped him, saying, My daughter is even now dead: but
come and lay thy hand upon her, and she shall live." Matthew 14:33 "Then they that were in the ship came and worshipped him, saying, Of a truth thou art the Son of God." Matthew 15:25 "Then came she and worshipped him, saying, Lord, help me." Matthew 28:9 "And as they went to tell his disciples, behold, Jesus met them, saying,
All hail. And they came and held him by the feet, and worshipped him." Matthew 28:17 "And when they saw him, they worshipped him: but some doubted." Luke 24:51-52 "And it came to pass, while he blessed them, he was parted from them, and carried up into heaven. And they worshipped him, and returned to Jerusalem with great joy:" John 5:23 "That all men should honour the Son, even as they honour the Father. He
that honoureth not the Son honoureth not the Father which hath sent him." John 9:37-38 "And Jesus said unto him, Thou hast both seen him, and it is he that talketh with thee. And he said, Lord, I believe. And he worshipped him." John 20:28 "And Thomas answered and said unto him, My Lord and my God." Thomas declared Jesus to be God and worshiped him. So in His actions, Jesus was affirming that He was God, for He was accepting the worship that only God could accept.
God tells us that we should worship the Son. Psalm 2:7-12 "I will declare the decree: the LORD hath said unto me, Thou art my Son; this day have I begotten thee. Ask of me, and I shall give thee the heathen for thine inheritance, and the uttermost parts of the earth for thy possession. Thou shalt break them with a rod of iron; thou shalt dash them in pieces like a potter's vessel. Be wise now therefore, O ye kings: be instructed, ye judges of the earth. Serve the LORD with fear, and rejoice with trembling.
Kiss the Son, lest he be angry, and ye perish from the way, when his
wrath is kindled but a little. Blessed are all they that put their trust
in him." To kiss the Son would be to pay homage to Him or in essence worship Him. Philippians 2:9-11 "Wherefore God also hath highly exalted him, and
given him a name which is above every name: That at the name of Jesus
every knee should bow, of things in heaven, and things in earth, and
things under the earth; And that every tongue should confess that Jesus
Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father."
God calls Jesus both God and Lord and tells the angels to worship Him.
Psalm 45:6 "Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever: the sceptre of thy kingdom is a right sceptre." Hebrews 1:6-8 "And again, when he bringeth in the firstbegotten into the world, he saith, And let all the angels of God worship him. And of the angels he saith, Who maketh his angels spirits, and his ministers a flame of fire. But unto the Son he saith, Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever: a sceptre of righteousness is the sceptre of thy kingdom."
Psalm 110:1 "The LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou at my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool." Matthew 22:42-45 "Saying,
What think ye of Christ? whose son is he? They say unto him, The Son of
David. He saith unto them, How then doth David in spirit call him
Lord, saying, The LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand,
till I make thine enemies thy footstool? If David then call him Lord,
how is he his son?" Mark 12:35-37 " And Jesus
answered and said, while he taught in the temple, How say the scribes
that Christ is the Son of David?
For David himself said by the Holy Ghost, The Lord said to my Lord, Sit
thou on my right hand, till I make thine enemies thy footstool. David
therefore himself calleth him Lord; and whence is he then his son?" Luke 20:41-44
"And he said unto them, How say they that Christ is David's son? And
David himself saith in the book of Psalms, The LORD said unto my Lord,
Sit thou on my right hand, Till I make thine enemies thy footstool.
David therefore calleth him Lord, how is he then his son?
All of heaven worships the Son in the presence of the Father.
Revelation 5:11-14 "And I beheld, and I heard the voice of many angels round about the
throne and the beasts and the elders: and the number of them was ten
thousand times ten thousand, and thousands of thousands;
Saying with a loud voice, Worthy is the Lamb that was slain to receive
power, and riches, and wisdom, and strength, and honour, and glory, and
blessing. And every creature which is in heaven, and on
the earth, and under the earth, and such as are in the sea, and all that
are in them, heard I saying, Blessing, and honour, and glory, and
power, be unto him that sitteth upon the throne, and unto the Lamb for
ever and ever. And the four beasts said, Amen. And the four and twenty elders fell down and worshipped him that liveth for ever and ever."
This does not begin to cover all of the verses and proofs that Jesus and God are the same person. If one cannot see from this that they are, then one is just deliberately blinding oneself to what is clearly taught. The only way both things can be true, that God is one God and demands that we worship no other, yet He also demands worship of the Son and calls Him by the titles of Lord and God, is for Jesus the Son and God the Father to be one Person. It is a difficult concept, but there is no alternative. The fact that we are a Trinity ourselves, should make it easier to realize how God can be three persons, the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. Some things cannot be totally understood or explained, because of our finite minds. Sometimes we have to look at the evidence, and just accept the conclusion whether we can grasp it with our minds or not. The evidence says that God is Three Persons in One. The Father and the Son are One.